How To Treat Heavy Period Bleeding Or Menorrhagia | Definition, Symptom & Treatment

April 10, 2018

Have you wondered why there are so many sizes of sanitary pads in the market?
Is it due to different body sizes or mere preferences?
The answer is that it depends on the amount of menstrual flow - some women have very light flow while others have really heavy periods.

Though there is no“just right” amount of menstrual bleeding as this is a normal human variation, but the general rule of thumb is that the need to change sanitary pads once every couple of hours indicates that you have a heavy flow.
Is it normal?
Yes! There is absolutely nothing for you to worry about.
UNLESS…If your heavy period bleeds longer than SEVEN days, then you should be worried. - You may be dealing with what doctors callmenorrhagia.

What is menorrhagia?
Menorrhagia is a medical term used for heavy period bleeding or prolonged period.
What are the causes?
Firstly, HORMONAL IMBALANCE.
Female hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone, help prepare a woman’s body for a possible pregnancy by thickening the uterine lining, called the endometrium.
If the released egg isn’t fertilized, level of progesterone will go down and the body will shed the endometrium, producing the bleeding known to us as the menstrual period.

If hormonal imbalance occurs, the endometrium develops in excess and eventually shed by way of heavy menstrual bleeding.
Other possible causes that may lead to menorrhagia are uterine cancer, uterine fibroids, polyps (small, benign growths on the lining of the uterus), infection, pregnancy complication (heavy bleeding may lead to miscarriage including an unusual location of the placenta) or medication (hormonal medication can contribute to heavy bleeding).
Do I need to see a doctor?
YES! Especially when your period seems excessive, lasts longer than a week and you bleed between periods, after menopause, after sex or during pregnancy.

Will there be any complications to it?
Prolonged heavy period bleeding may lead to several medical conditions such asanemia - presented with symptoms such as tiredness, fatigue or shortness of breath.

If you do not treat your menorrhagia properly, treatment for anemia may pursue as it becomes more prominent over time.
Besides, you might also experience severe period cramp. Sometimes, it is severe enough to force you to seek medical advice.
What are the treatments option?
Your doctor usually determines the cause by running a few tests to look at your hormonal level or even taking a tissue sample from the uterine lining -commonly known as endometrial biopsy, to check for abnormal cells, a potential indicator of cancer.
Other tests may involve ultrasonography of the uterus or use a device that can view the inside the uterus (a hysteroscopy).
Treatments for menorrhagia include hormone pills or in some cases, surgery if need be.
It is best to seek a doctor’s advice to know whether you have menorrhagia or you just simply have heavier than usual period bleeding.
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