What Is Ovulation? | Definition and Symptoms That You Should Know
If there is one thing worth keeping track, it is the date of your ovulation.
That’s because it represents the “tiny window” of the time when you could possibly conceive a baby -either it’s an exciting or terrifying moment, depends.
Here’s some quick info.
Ovulation is when matured egg is released from the ovary, brushed down the fallopian tube, and made available to be fertilized.
Before ovulation, the lining of the uterus thickens to prepare for the egg to embed onto it. If there is no conception, the lining (uterine wall) will be shed which is known to us as menstruation.Period!
Basically, that is the basic rule of thumb you need to understand about ovulation.
You already know that and you thirst for more info.
Alright, my arthritis will be on you, here are 5 key points about ovulation.
1. An egg can live up to 24 hours after leaving the ovaries
While an egg can only last for a day (or less), sperm, however, can remain active inside your ovary for 5 days!
Therefore, it is no surprise that a woman can conceive four to five days before the day of ovulation.
2. Ovulation usually happens 12 to 16 days before your next period starts
There are a few options you can consider to monitor your ovulation. Firstly, you can download period tracker apps on your phone. It will calculate your cycle of menstruation for you and tell you the exact date of ovulation.
Secondly, you can count the days by yourself with some understanding on a few signs, which leads to our next point.
3. Ovulation symptoms
There are two types of signs, one which is common and the other secondary. A common sign is thechanges in cervical fluid - it resembles egg white as a sign saying that you are near ovulation date or already ovulating.
Secondary signs, however, include spotting, light cramping or breast tenderness.
It is also possible that some of us had never and would never experience any of these.
4. There are millions of immature eggs waiting to be released
Let’s start with biology. You are born with all the eggs you are ever going to have. You don’t make any new eggs during your lifetime; in fact, when you are born, you already have two million eggs.
By the time you reach puberty, you will have around 500,000 eggs remaining.
The quantity and quality will drop every time you ovulate until menopause. After that, it is not possible to get pregnant naturally.
You can also take a few tests to know how many eggs are left inside your ovaries such as theanti-mullerian hormone test (AMH) - a blood test that can be taken at any time during menstrual cycle to give you some insight into the remaining quantity of eggs and number of fertile years you may have, but bear in mind, it cannot tell us much about the quality of the eggs.
5. Normally, only one egg is released during ovulation
Approximately, every month an egg will mature within one of your ovaries. As it reaches maturity, the egg is released by the ovary where it enters the fallopian tube to make its way towards the uterus, waiting for the arrival of sperms.
If no sperm is able to fertilize it, the egg will stick to the uterine wall and get shed during menstruation.
Even if you are not planning to conceive, it is still important for you to understand your own biological clock as it will tell you a lot about your health condition.
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